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Most tourism journeys in the world are by air as tourists jet-set from country to country The majority of trips are surface transport mainly by car. Tourism is only about leisure holidays. Tourism includes all types of purpose of visit, including business, conference and education.

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Employment in tourism means substantial travel and the chance to learn language. Most employment in tourism is in the hospitality sector and involve little travel. Large multinational companies such as hotels chains and airlines dominate tourism. The vast majority of tourism enterprises in every destination are SMEs Tourism is a straightforward sector demanding little research or planning Tourism is a complex multi-sectoral industry demanding high-level planning underpinned by research to succeed. Different Perspective of Study on Tourism Economics Political science Agriculture Marketing Anthropology Business management psychology sociology ecology law history geography Tourism studies Interdisciplinary Approach Tourism takes in practically all aspects of society and attracts people from different strata with diverse economic —socio — cultural and educational backgrounds, thereby behaving in different ways and travelling for different purposes.

It is characterized by constant change, development and highly dynamic industry. It has positive and negative impacts. This means more people are aware of them. Culture e. Where do you fit in? In India we see the origin of the concept of Tourism in Sanskrit Literature. Tirthatana- It means going out and visiting places of religious merit. Paryatana - It means going out for pleasure and knowledge. Deshatana - It means going out of the country primarily for economic gains.

There are two important components that make up Tourism: 1. The practice of travelling for pleasure. The business of providing tours and services for persons travelling. As per WTO definition, Tourism can be classified into the following forms - Sam comes to India to see the Taj Mahal, he is an inbound tourist for India Ram goes to America to see Hollywood , he is an outbound tourist for India Tourism System Accommodation services for visitors 1.

Accommodation for visitors 2. Food and beverage serving services 2.

The relationship between culture and the tourism industry - VISIT BERLIN - LCD ACADEMY

Food and beverage serving activities 3. Railway passenger transport services 3. Railway passenger transport 4. Road passenger transport services 4. Road passenger transport 5.

Water passenger transport servcies 5. Water passenger transport 6. Air passenger transport services 6. Air passenger transport 7. Transport equipment rental services 7. Transport equipment rental 8. Travel agencies and other reservation services 8. Travel agencies and other reservation services activities 9. Cultural services 9.

Cultural activities Sports and recreational services Sports and recreational activities Country-specific tourism characteristic goods Retail trade of country-specific tourism characteristic goods Country-specific tourism characteristic services Other country-specific tourism characteristic activities It attracts different kinds of tourists with such tourism products as attractions and the quality of management and service. Tourist Generating Region TGRs TGRs are places where a tourist's trip begins and normally ends, the generating regions are the place for the essential markets of the tourist business and it is the basis of tourist industry.

Its important for TDR to have some special features, activities to attract tourist. All the Elements of the System interact with one another in various contexts like delivering the Tourism Products, Transacting the Products……. A place becomes a tourist destination only if a tourist visit The Tourist b. The Host c. Natural resources and environment The Built Environment a. Cultural b. Infrastructure c. Technology d. Information e. Governance Operating sectors of the Tourism industry a.

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Transportation b. Accommodation c. Food services d.


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The attraction e. The events f.

Adventure and Outdoor recreation g. The entertainment h. Tour operator i. Travel agent Accommodation It is also called connectivity The important transportation modes are road,rail,air and water transport. Attractions A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, or amusement opportunities. Tourist Typologies : Classifying Tourists Classification of Tourists Leisure recreation, holiday, health, study, religion and sport b.

Tourist Takes photos, buys souvenirs, goes to famous places, stays briefly in one place, does not understand the local people Do you stay in your bubble? Environmental bubble - Surrounded by similar living environment when travelling abroad What makes you feel comfortable and safe when travelling? Find the points in your travel leaflets! Brainstorm with your neighbour! Write down your findings inside the bubbles. Fly with a reputable airline.. Environmental bubble? Non-Institutionalized Tourists are loosely attached to the tourist establishment expose to host community Institutionalized Tourists are dealt with in a routine way by the tourist establishment e.

Where is the tourist? What type is it? Holidaymaker Takes photos, goes to famous places, is alienated from society, buys souvenirs, contributes to the visited economy Conservationist Interested in the environment, does not buy souvenirs, does not exploit the local people, explores places privately, takes photos Explorer Explores places privately, is interested in the environment, takes physical risks, does not buy souvenirs, keenly observes the visited society Missionary Does not buy souvenirs, searches for the meaning of life, does not live a life of luxury, does not seek sensual pleasures, keenly observes the visited society Overseas Student Experiments with local food, does not exploit the local people, takes photos, keenly observes the visited society, takes physical risks.

Anthropologist Keenly observes the visited society, explores places privately, is interested in the environment, does not buy souvenirs, takes photos Hippie Does not buy souvenirs, does not live a life of luxury, is not concerned with social status, does not take photos, does not contribute to the economy International Athlete Not alienated from own society, does not exploit the local people, does not understand the local people, explores places privately, searches for the meaning of life Overseas Journalist Takes photos, keenly observes the visited society, goes to famous places, takes physical risks, explores places privately Religious Pilgrim Searches for the meaning of life, does not live a life of luxury, is not concerned with social status, does not exploit the local people, does not buy souvenirs A group of young tourists on a weekend walking tour in the mountains, or a student touring around the country by bus are examples of this group of tourist.

They travel, work and earn money, learn new skills or do volunteer work in another country. During this time they gain skills and life experience before starting tertiary education. This will ensure that the specific needs of the tourist are met. Using the illustration and the information below draw up a tourist profile for John.

You may need to make up some details to complete the profile: John Brown, from Sydney, is visiting South Africa for ten days to celebrate his 24th birthday. He wants to experience as many adventure attractions as he can before he returns home on Christmas day. He is a sports science consultant, does not eat meat, and wants to taste some South African food. He wants to take photographs of wildlife and the new friends in the hostels in which he will stay.

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Contemporary Geographies of Leisure, Tourism and Mobility

His back contains all his clothes and sleeping bag. He does not have enough money for fancy restaurant or expensive gifts. Tourist ProfileName Mr. Psychographic segmentation Grouping is based on how tourists live and on their priorities and interests. Product-related Grouping of tourists is based directly on what they want and need in a particular good or service. Demographics Psychographics The product here cannot be seen or inspected before its purchase. For example, a seat in an aero plane is provided only for a specified time. A tourist acquires experiences while interacting with the new environment and his experiences help to attract and motivate potential customers.

And once consumption begins, it cannot be stopped, interrupted or modified.